Fractions are a way to show parts of a whole thing. Think about cutting a cake into pieces or sharing candy with friends. Fractions help us talk about these pieces. Let’s learn about the different kinds of fractions you might see.

### What Is a Fraction?

A fraction is like a piece of a pie. It has two numbers:

- The
**top number**(numerator) shows how many pieces you have. - The
**bottom number**(denominator) shows how many pieces the whole pie was cut into.

### Types of Fractions

There are several types of fractions, and each one is a little different.

#### Proper Fractions

Proper fractions are when you have less than a whole pie. For example, if you have 3 out of 8 pieces of a pizza, you write it as 3/8. The top number (3) is smaller than the bottom number (8).

#### Improper Fractions

Improper fractions are when you have a whole pie or more. For instance, if you have 5/4 of a chocolate bar, it means you have more than one whole bar. The top number (5) is bigger than the bottom number (4).

#### Mixed Fractions

Mixed fractions show a whole number plus a bit more. Let’s say you eat 2 whole cookies and a half cookie more. You can say you ate 2 1/2 cookies. It mixes a whole number (2) with a fraction (1/2).

#### Like Fractions

Like fractions have the same bottom number. It’s like having pieces of cakes that were all cut the same way. For example, 2/5 and 3/5 are like fractions because both cakes are divided into 5 pieces.

#### Unlike Fractions

Unlike fractions have different bottom numbers. It’s like pieces from cakes cut differently. For example, 1/4 and 1/6 are unlike because one cake is cut into 4 pieces, and the other is cut into 6 pieces.

#### Equivalent Fractions

Equivalent fractions are different fractions that mean the same thing. Like 1/2 and 2/4 are both the same. They both mean half. You can make them by multiplying or dividing the top and bottom numbers by the same number.

#### Unit Fractions

Unit fractions have 1 as the top number. They show one piece of the whole thing. For example, 1/2 means one piece of something that was cut into two pieces.

### Why Fractions Are Useful

Knowing about fractions helps you with everyday things. Like figuring out how much pizza everyone gets at a party or dividing up a bag of snacks. It also helps in school, especially in math, when you need to measure or compare things.

Rahmonberdiyevna, T. S., & Soxibovna, A. M. (2021). Techniques for Teaching Elementary Students Rational Numbers and Convenient ways to Perform Operations on Them. International journal of culture and modernity, 11, 283-287.