Seven Types of Fractions used in School

Fractions are a way to show parts of a whole thing. Think about cutting a cake into pieces or sharing candy with friends. Fractions help us talk about these pieces. Let’s learn about the different kinds of fractions you might see.

What Is a Fraction?

fraction explained

A fraction is like a piece of a pie. It has two numbers:

  • The top number (numerator) shows how many pieces you have.
  • The bottom number (denominator) shows how many pieces the whole pie was cut into.

Types of Fractions

three types of fractions

There are several types of fractions, and each one is a little different.

Proper Fractions

Proper fractions are when you have less than a whole pie. For example, if you have 3 out of 8 pieces of a pizza, you write it as 3/8. The top number (3) is smaller than the bottom number (8).

Improper Fractions

Improper fractions are when you have a whole pie or more. For instance, if you have 5/4 of a chocolate bar, it means you have more than one whole bar. The top number (5) is bigger than the bottom number (4).

Mixed Fractions

Mixed fractions show a whole number plus a bit more. Let’s say you eat 2 whole cookies and a half cookie more. You can say you ate 2 1/2 cookies. It mixes a whole number (2) with a fraction (1/2).

Like Fractions

Like fractions have the same bottom number. It’s like having pieces of cakes that were all cut the same way. For example, 2/5 and 3/5 are like fractions because both cakes are divided into 5 pieces.

Unlike Fractions

Unlike fractions have different bottom numbers. It’s like pieces from cakes cut differently. For example, 1/4 and 1/6 are unlike because one cake is cut into 4 pieces, and the other is cut into 6 pieces.

Equivalent Fractions

Equivalent fractions are different fractions that mean the same thing. Like 1/2 and 2/4 are both the same. They both mean half. You can make them by multiplying or dividing the top and bottom numbers by the same number.

Unit Fractions

Unit fractions have 1 as the top number. They show one piece of the whole thing. For example, 1/2 means one piece of something that was cut into two pieces.

Why Fractions Are Useful

Knowing about fractions helps you with everyday things. Like figuring out how much pizza everyone gets at a party or dividing up a bag of snacks. It also helps in school, especially in math, when you need to measure or compare things.

Rahmonberdiyevna, T. S., & Soxibovna, A. M. (2021). Techniques for Teaching Elementary Students Rational Numbers and Convenient ways to Perform Operations on Them. International journal of culture and modernity, 11, 283-287.